Strategically situated in the Indian Ocean, some 2,000 kms off the Eastern coast of Africa and 890km to the East of Madagascar, the Republic of Mauritius is a group of islands consisting of the main island Mauritius, Rodrigues and several other smaller islands extending some 600kms to the North. It is of volcanic origin and is surrounded by more than 150kms of white sandy beaches, transparent lagoon protected from the open sea by the world's third largest coral reef surrounding the island.
The island of Mauritius covers an area of 1,865 km2 and is made up of coastal plains which gradually rise to a central plateau to the South West, where it reaches its highest point of 828 metres above sea level. Numerous lush mountains throughout the island, fast flowing rivers, tropical forests and breathtaking panoramic views add to the charm and beauty of the place. The climate is sub-tropical and average mid-day temperatures range between 22 degrees C in August and 28 degrees C in January.
The Mauritian population, currently at 1.3 million, is known the world over as a tolerant, warm and welcoming nation built by people from many different backgrounds. Cultural diversity is part of the national identity. Countless temples, churches, mosques and pagodas cohabit side by side in peaceful harmony and point to the rich multi-religious history of the country. A former Dutch, French and British colony, Mauritius achieved Independence in 1968 and became a Republic in 1992. It is a vibrant democracy, with an independent Judiciary, a sound regulatory environment and well-structured public institutions which ensure stable and efficient Government.
Since independence, Mauritius has known an impressive and rapid economic transformation, marked by increased diversification and has moved from its traditional agricultural base to developing export-oriented Industry, Tourism, Financial Services, ICT/BPO and Land-based Oceanography industry. New areas are constantly being promoted as the country moves towards higher and more sophisticated services and is being positioned as a Knowledge and Medical Hub and as a soon-to-be Duty Free island.
Acting as a gateway to investment in Africa and the Far East, Mauritius is ranked as one of the best economic performers in Africa and is among the top twenty countries for ease-of-doing business internationally.
Weather in Mauritius
The weather in Mauritius consists of two seasons, namely SUMMER and WINTER.
In summer the maximum mean temperature is 30° C and the minimum is 20° C.
In winter the maximum mean temperature is 24° C and the minimum temperature is 13° C.
The prevailing wind is from easterly to southerly with an average force of 15 to 20 km/hr. The cyclonic period generally extends from November to April or May.
The cyclone generally moves in a south westerly direction, initially, thence turn south in about latitude 220 south then moves south easterly, occasionally reaching the temperate latitude before filling. Current around the island is mainly wind derived.